Hoist appliction

Kinda frequency inverter applied in hoist applications

1, Features of traditonal system
(1) The traditional system works at heavy load for long time, forward and reverse run frequently, the lifetime of the
      system is short;
(2) High failure ratio.
(3) Low efficiency, the power factor is less than 0.8.
(4) The safety performance is bad.
2,  Requests for frequency inverters (VFD)
(1) Big output torque at low frequency, it should run smoothly during working.
(2) Big overload capacity.
(3) Less failure ratio, run stably.
(4) Braking unit and braking resistor should be added.

3,  Real application (Tower crane)
   3.1 system introduction

The hoist motor in the system is 55kW/380V, the load type is constant torque, to consider its heavy duty characteristic,
   the frequency inverter should be selected two sizes higher as below:

   3.2 system diagram

 3.3 control logic

   (1) The tower crane control system provide the forward and reverse signals, while MI1 and DCM closed, the tower
         crane runs forwardly, and while MI2 and DCM closed, the tower crane runs reversely:

   (2) The  running speed of crane is controlled by ON/OFF conditions of MI3, MI4 and MI5, details as below:

MI5 MI4 MI3 Speed
OFF OFF OFF Speed 0 (FD-00)
OFF OFF ON Speed 1 (FD-01)
OFF ON OFF Speed 2 (FD-02)
OFF ON ON Speed 3 (FD-03)
ON OFF OFF Speed 4 (FD-04)
ON OFF ON Speed 5 (FD-05)

  (3) The inverter output a fault signal to the crane control system, while fault happen, the system will brake and stop

  (4) There is an output FDT1 (controlled by F8-19 and F8-20) ON/OFF signal, while the inverter  runs to the setting
        frequency, this signal will control the brake to open, to avoid the reverse run happen.

 3.4 autotuning

    For this kind of heavy duty system, it is better to use Sensorless Vector Control (SVC) mode, it will get better output
    torque performance.
    Before using SVC mode, please perform motor autotunning, do it as below steps:

   1) Set F0-02=0 (keypad), set correct value of F2-01 ~ F2-05 (based on motor nameplate);
   2) If the load can be removed from motor, please set F2-11=2 (Rotation autotuning, get better performance), if the
        load cannot be removed from motor, please set F2-11=1 (Static autotuning). The keypad will display “TUNE”.
   3) Press the RUN button, wait until the autotuning finish automatically.
   4) Change the value of F0-01=0 (Sensorless vector control)

 3.5 Parameters setting

No. Function codes Default Setting value Explanation
1 F0-01 2 0 Sensorless Vector Control
2 F0-02 0 1 External singal start / stop
3 F0-03 1 6 Multi-step speed
4 F0-17 Model depend 5s Acceleration time (adjustable)
5 F0-18 Model depend 0.5s Deceleration time (adjustable)
6 F3-10 150% 200% Torque uppee limit
7 F5-00 1 1 Forward
8 F5-01 2 2 Reverse
9 F5-02 0 12 Multi-step speed termnial 1
10 F5-03 0 13 Multi-step speed termnial 2
11 F5-04 0 14 Multi-step speed termnial 3
12 F6-02 2 2 Fault output
13 F6-05 0 3 FDT1 output
14 F8-19 50.00Hz 3.00Hz Setting FDT1 output frequency 
15 FD-00 0.0% 16% Multi-step speed 0 (adjustable)
16 FD-01 0.0% 16% Multi-step speed 1 (adjustable)
17 FD-02 0.0% 30% Multi-step speed 2 (adjustable)
18 FD-03 0.0% 50% Multi-step speed 3 (adjustable)
19 FD-04 0.0% 70% Multi-step speed 4 (adjustable)
20 FD-05 0.0% 82% Multi-step speed 5 (adjustable)

3.6 Problems faced during commissioning

(1)  For KD330-09000T4, it needs connect additional braking unit and braking resistor to consume the regenerated
       energy. The parameter of  FA-04 is the braking threshold, the default value is 135%. The stand DC bus voltage is
       540V, 540*135%=729V, that means while the DC bus voltage reach to 729V, the Braking unit will start work.
       Sometimes, the fault of over voltage will happen, please reduce the value of FA-04 to avoid it.

(2)  Cause the tower working distance is too long, during down running, the inverter works at regenerated status for
       long time, so the braking resistor should be selected bigger, to get better performance. In this system, it is
       select as 4ohm, 10kW.